This post takes you through the process of setting up your first server on an Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) Ubuntu Server.
Sign up for Amazon Web Services Free Tier
- Tip: Sign up with a new email if your account is older than a year.
Create a New Key Pair or Upload an SSH Public Key
- Visit AWS ssh key pairs
- I have found that it's easier to upload a public key that you've created on your own machine. Visit Github Help if you need help creating your own public/private key pair.
Find and launch an AMI
- Google AWS Marketplace
- Search for Ubuntu
- I chose this 64 bit image. For this tutorial, you should too.
- Click the big, yellow continue button
- Accept default options, except:
- Make sure that t1-micro is selected in EC2 Instance Type
- Launch with 1-Click
Connect to your EC2 Machine Instance
- Visit your EC2 Dashboard
- Instance state will be "running" eventually
- Find Public IP column and note address
- make an A record on your domain in Route 53 for convenience
Install Prerequisites and Common Package
-y option is helpful because
apt won't for wait for you to press 'y'; it will just install the packages. This is very helpful when you're trying to script this entire process.
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install -y build-essential g++ tmux
Install Node, Build from Source
curl -O http://nodejs.org/dist/v0.10.29/node-v0.10.29.tar.gz tar -xvzf node-v0.10.29.tar.gz cd node-v0.10.29 ./configure --prefix=/opt/node make sudo mkdir -p /opt/node sudo chown -R ubuntu.ubuntu /opt/node make install
Add Node to your path in
echo "export PATH=/opt/node/bin:$PATH" >> ~/.bashrc
Double check to see that Node is in your path:
which node => should be
Now, we need to add Node to root's path too. To do this, we will need to use the
visudo command to edit the secure path.
Defaults secure_path= line, around the third line to look like:
The key here is to put the path to Node at the end of the secure path.
Go ahead and save the file.
Install the Latest MongoDB
Follow these directions on Mongodb.
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 --recv 7F0CEB10 echo 'deb http://downloads-distro.mongodb.org/repo/ubuntu-upstart dist 10gen' | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb.list sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install mongodb-org
Install the Latest Redis
Luckily, Chris Lea keeps an up-to-date Ubuntu PPA available.
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:chris-lea/redis-server sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install redis-server -y
Install the Latest Git
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:git-core/ppa sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install git -y
Test MongoDB is running
mongo show dbs
- ctrl-d to exit
Test Redis is running
redis-cli ping--> should see
A Neat Trick to Find the External IP
You can always find the External IP address of your server in the EC2 Dashboard, but I frequently use this shortcut from the command line:
Bower ALL THE THINGS
I mean, install Bower and any other global npm packages that you use frequently.
npm -g install bower grunt-cli
Clone Your App and Install npm and Bower Packages
I'll use one of our example apps.
Make sure that you're in the Ubuntu home directory:
Launch the server on Port 80
To launch your app and bind on any port under 1000, you need to use
sudo to escalate to root privilege.
sudo -i PORT=80 node server.js
Visit the site http://YOUR-IP-HERE
This will do in a pinch, but it's not a professional setup. What happens if your server reboots? You want something to re-start the server automatically.
Install the Forever NPM Package
npm -g install forever Forever is a simple CLI tool for ensuring that a given script runs continuously.
You can always use
nano if you are afraid of Vim.
start on startup stop on shutdown expect fork script PATH=/opt/node/bin:$PATH exec forever start /home/ubuntu/notes/server.js end script pre-stop script PATH=/opt/node/bin:$PATH exec forever stop /home/ubuntu/notes/server.js end script
sudo start notes to start the app.
You can use use
sudo status notes to see the status of the service.
There you go! You've successfully set up your first server on an Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) Ubuntu Server.